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- China has unveiled plans to restrict exports of graphite—a mineral crucial to the
manufacture of batteries for electric vehicles (EVs)—on national security grounds.
- Graphite is an opaque, non-metallic carbon polymorph that is blackish silver in colour
and metallic to dull in sheen.
- Since it resembles metal lead, it is also known colloquially as black lead or plumbago.
- It is formed by the metamorphosis of sediments containing carbonaceous material.
- It is a naturally occurring form of crystalline carbon.
- It is extremely soft, cleaves with very light pressure, and has a very low specific gravity.
- In contrast, it is extremely resistant to heat and nearly inert in contact with almost any
- These extreme properties give it a wide range of uses in metallurgy and manufacturing.