Lalit Kala Akademi
President Ram Nath Kovind has appointed Mumbai-based sculptor Uttam Pacharne the chairman of Lalit Kala Akademi.
Lalit Kala Akademi:
- The Lalit Kala Akademi or National Academy of Art is India’s National Academy of Fine Arts.
- It is an autonomous organization, established at New Delhi in 1954 to promote and propagate understanding of Indian art, both within and outside the country.
- It does so through providing scholarships, a fellow program, and sponsoring and organizing numerous exhibitions in India and overseas.
Cauvery Management Scheme
The Supreme Court has ordered the Central government to implement its draft Cauvery Management Scheme after finding it in consonance with its February 16 judgment. The court also found the draft scheme in conformity with Section 6A of the Inter-State River Water Disputes Act.
The apex court, in its verdict delivered on February 16, had asked the Centre to frame the Cauvery management scheme, including creation of the Cauvery Managament Board, for release of water from Karnataka to Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry.
Modifications made by the Court:
- The top court had modified the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal (CWDT) award of 2007 and made it clear that it will not be extending the time for this on any ground.
- It had raised the 270 tmcft share of Cauvery water for Karnataka by 14.75 tmcft and reduced Tamil Nadu’s share, while compensating it by allowing extraction of 10 tmcft groundwater from the river basin, saying the issue of drinking water has to be placed on a “higher pedestal”.
About the Cauvery Management Scheme:
- The Cauvery water management scheme will deal with the release of water from Karnataka to Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry.
- It will be implemented by the Cauvery Management Authority (CMA). CMA will be the sole body to implement the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal award as modified by the apex court. The Centre would have no say in it except for issuing administrative advisories to it.
What’s the dispute?
The dispute began with Karnataka’s demand of ‘equitable sharing of the waters’ after it expanded farming activities in the Cauvery basin. It claimed that the previous agreements, which happened between erstwhile Madras Presidency and Kingdom of Mysore in 1924, were highly skewed to what is present day Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu used to get about 602 TMC of the total water, leaving only about 138 TMC for Karnataka.
- Cauvery River rises on Brahmagiri Hill of the Western Ghats in south-western Karnataka state. It flows in a south-easterly direction for 475 miles through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
- Before emptying into the Bay of Bengal south of Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu, the river breaks into a large number of distributaries forming a wide delta called the “garden of southern India.” The river is important for its irrigation canal projects.
- In the upper course, at the Krishnaraja Sagara, the Kaveri is joined by two tributaries, the Hemavati and Lakshmantirtha, where a dam was constructed for irrigation.
- Upon entering Tamil Nadu, the Kaveri continues through a series of twisted wild gorges until it reaches Hogenakal Falls. There the Mettur Dam was construted for irrigation and hydel power.
- The Kaveri’s main tributaries are the Kabani (Kabbani), Amaravati, Noyil, and Bhavani rivers.
“AYUSH” finds a place in English Language
The Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology has decided to adopt the word ‘AYUSH’ in Hindi and English languages for scientific and technical purposes.
As approved by the Commission, the word ‘ayush’ will have the meaning “Traditional and Non-Conventional Systems of Health Care and Healing which include Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa, Homoeopathy etc.
The “AYUSH” became popular as the acronym for five traditional and complementary systems of medicine, namely Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy and successfully adopted and used in all Government communications.
This decision will give a boost to India’s efforts to find a place for the Indian Systems of Healthcare in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) of the World Health Organization. The Indian systems finding a place in ICD will lead to their international acceptance, increased rigor of research in them and their over-all development.
About International Classification of Diseases (ICD):
- The International Classification of Diseases is the standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management, and clinical purposes. This includes the analysis of the general health situation of population groups. It is used to monitor the incidence and prevalence of diseases and other health problems, providing a picture of the general health situation of countries and populations.
- The first international classification edition, known as the International List of Causes of Death, was adopted by the International Statistical Institute in 1893. WHO was entrusted with the ICD at its creation in 1948. The ICD is revised periodically and is currently in its 10th revision.
Uses of ICD:
Uses include monitoring of the incidence and prevalence of diseases, observing reimbursements and resource allocation trends, and keeping track of safety and quality guidelines. They also include the counting of deaths as well as diseases, injuries, symptoms, reasons for encounter, factors that influence health status, and external causes of disease.
Key Facts: Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology:
The Commission for Scientific & Technical Terminology (CSTT) was set up on December 21, 1960 by a resolution of Government of India under the proviso to Clause (4) of Article 344 of the Constitution with the objective to evolve and define scientific and technical terms in Hindi and all Indian languages; publish glossaries, definitional dictionaries, encyclopaedia.
SCO Cultural Ministers’ meeting
15th SCO Cultural Ministers’ Meeting is being held in Sanya, China. India is participating in the Cultural Ministers’ Meet for first time as full time member.
- The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is an eight-member multilateral organization, established on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
- Pakistan also became the full member of SCO along with India, taking its membership to 8.
- After the expansion of membership, SCO represents approximately 42% of the world’s population, 20% of its GDP and 22% of the landmass.
- The main objectives of the SCO are to strengthen relations among member states; promote cooperation in various fields like political affairs, economics, and education, culture, tourism, environment protection etc. and promote regional peace, security, and stability among others.
Zoji La Tunnel
The construction of the much-awaited infrastructure project Zoji La tunnel has begun. It is a 14.2-km long tunnel project in Jammu and Kashmir to provide all-weather connectivity between Srinagar, Kargil and Leh, which remains cut-off from the rest of India during winters due to heavy snowfall. “Zojila tunnel will be the longest bi-directional tunnel in Asia.
Implementation: The project will be implemented by the ministry of road transport and highways (MoRT&H) through the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL).
Benefits of the tunnel: The project would enhance the safety of travellers crossing Zojila Pass and reduce the travel time from 3.5 hours to 15 minutes. This pass is most strategic for the entire Kargil sector which has seen intrusion and war in the past. It will further increase the employment potential for the local labourers for the project activities.
Zojila pass is situated at an altitude of 11,578 feet on Srinagar-Kargil-Leh National Highway which remains closed during winters (December to April) due to heavy snowfall and avalanches cutting off Leh-Ladakh region from Kashmir.
‘Green Good Deeds’
The BRICS Ministerial on Environment has agreed to include “Green Good Deeds” in its official agenda in the next Ministerial in Brazil and another meeting in Russia.
“Green Good Deeds” campaign:
- The campaign has been launched by the Environment Ministry to sensitise the people and students, in particular, about climate change and global warming. The objective of the campaign is to restore and return the clean and green environment to the next generation.
- The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change had drawn up a list of over 500 Green Good Deeds and asked people to alter their behaviour to Green Good Behaviour to fulfil their Green Social Responsibility.
- These small positive actions to be performed by individuals or organisations to strengthen the cause of environmental protection, were put on a mobile application named “Dr Harsh Vardhan App”.
Significance of this move:
International conferences on Environment have been deliberating and adopting declarations. However, these declarations are hardly put to practice at the ground level, involving every section of the society. “Green Good Deeds” is an idea to take it to the people and get them involved.
Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology
- The Commission for Scientific & Technical Terminology (CSTT) was set up in 1960.
- It was by a resolution of Government of India under the proviso to Clause (4) of Article 344 of the Constitution.
- The objective is to evolve and define scientific and technical terms in Hindi and all Indian languages.
- It will also publish glossaries, definitional dictionaries and encyclopedia.
- It will ensure that the evolved terms and their definitions reach the students, teachers, scholars, scientists, officers etc.,
- The commission also coordinates with all States to ensure uniformity of terminology in Hindi and other Indian languages.
- The Commission carries out the following functions :-
- Preparation and Publication of National terminology.
- Identification and Publication of School Level Terminology and Departmental Glossaries.
- Identification of Pan Indian Terms.
- Preparation of University level textbooks, monographs and journals.
Parcel Cargo Express Train (PCET)
- Northeast Frontier Railway has started operating one lease Parcel Cargo Express Train (PCET) on fortnightly basis.
- It will connect Northeastern part of the country to the West Coast.
- The service would enable farmers to market their products like tea, betal nuts, pineapple, jute, horticulture products, cane furniture etc. at the retail markets in Mumbai, Bengaluru, Nagpur, Pune etc
- The PCET has been started in line with the Government’s priority to provide connectivity to the Northeast region and empowering the local industries.
- It has emerged as a business tool without any additional strain on the resources of the railways.
S&P PLATTS Global Metals Award 2018
- National Mineral Development Company Limited has bagged the prestigious S&P Global PLATTS Global Metals Award 2018 in corporate social responsibility (CSR) category.
- The company has been supporting initiatives on education, health, skill development, infrastructure creation and drinking water among others with a view to enhance the quality of life and empower the local population.
- This is the first time since inception of this award that an Indian Company bagged an award in this category.
- S&P Global Platts is the leading independent provider of information, benchmark prices and analytics for the energy and commodities markets.
- The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Award recognizes the organization that best demonstrates leadership, commitment to action and real-world social impact on social responsibility of corporate business entity.
- The S&P Global Platts Global Metals Award recognizes top performers – industry leaders and innovators.
National Mineral Development Corporation (NDMC)
- NMDC is the largest iron ore mining company in India.
- The corporation was founded in 1958.
- With iron ore production of around 35 million tons per annum, it has a domestic market share of about 25%.
- It also extracts diamonds through its mine in Panna, Madhya Pradesh, which is the only mechanized diamond mine in Asia.
- It s vision is to emerge as a global Environment friendly Mining Organization and also as a quality Steel producer with a positive thrust on Social Development.
- It is headquartered at Hyderabad, Telegana.
Venture Capital Symposium 2018
- NITI Aayog, in association with Vision India Foundation, is organizing the Venture Capital Symposium 2018 to deepen the economic relationships between France and India.
- It is an event where the French investors will be interacting with 100 early to mid-stage Indian start-ups.
- It aims to support the Start-up India program.
- The event facilitates interactions between French investors, Indian investors, Indian start-ups and critical government functionaries.
- The French investors will explore the investment landscape as well as the socio-cultural richness of India.