The Ulysses Clause
- It is a term related to the advance directive or living will.
- An advance directive is a document executed by patients authorizing the cessation of medical treatment when the doctor deems they are beyond recovery.
- The Ulysses Clause is a built-in exception: it authorizes doctors to ignore the objection under some conditions and continue treatment.
- The term is derived from a story in Greek mythology.
- Ulysses, eager to hear the beguiling song of the Sirens, which will draw the listeners to their death, asks his men to cover their ears with wax, while he himself is to be bound to the ship’s mast, but free to listen to the song.
- They have orders to prevent him from breaking free.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
- India’s most celebrated social reformer Raja Ram Mohan Roy, remembered best as the “father of the Indian Renaissance” was born on May 22 1772.
- He was born in Radhanagar village in Murshidabad district of West Bengal.
- He was a staunch supporter of monotheism.
- He also shunned the orthodox Hindu rituals and idol worship right from the childhood.
- In his first book “Tuhfat al-muwahhidin” he advocated for reason in religion and opposed ritualism.
- He opposed “Sati”, the regressive practice that forced a widow to immolate herself on husband’s pyre.
- In 1828, Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded the “Brahmo Samaj”, which is said to be one of the first Indian socio-religious reform movements.
- Google search engine marked his birthday by a doodle.
- Vice-President relaunched the ancient dance drama ‘Ashtapadiyattam’ based on ‘Gita Govindam’ believed to be penned by 12th century poet Jayadeva, at a function in Kerala.
- It is called Ashtapadis (Ashta- 8) as the Gita Govinda has couplets grouped into eights.
- So the name Ashtapadi + attam (Dance), a dance –drama based on Ashtapadi
- Jayadeva’s Gita Govindam classic encompasses a unique mix of classical literature, classical music and classical dance.
- Gita Govindam’s unusually wide appeal comes from the story of Sri Krishna and his love for Radha.
- The performance of the Gita Govinda at Puri Jagannath by the Mahatis and later by the Goutipas was significant in the development of Odissi.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus building
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, earlier known as Victoria Terminus has completed 130 years of its construction on 20th May 2018.
- It was designed by Frederick William Stevens, a consulting architect.
- It is designed in Gothic style adapted to suit Indian context.
- The dome of the terminus has been reported to be the first octagonal ribbed masonry dome that was adapted to an Italian Gothic style building.
- The crowning point of the whole building is the central main dome carrying up a colossal figure of lady pointing a flaming torch upwards in her right hand, and a spoked wheel low in the left hand, symbolizing `Progress’.
- In 2004, UNESCO has enlisted this building as World Heritage Site for its architectural splendour.
- It is the headquarters building of Central Railway.
- It is the most photographed building after Taj Mahal
- Union Minister for Science & Technology, Earth Sciences, Environment, Forests and Climate Change will be leading an Indian delegation for participation in the Mission Innovation Ministerial being held at Malmo-Sweden.
- It is the third mission innovation ministerial meeting.
- Mission Innovation (MI) is a global initiative of 22 countries and the European Union to dramatically accelerate global clean energy innovation.
- India is founding member of Mission Innovation and part of the Steering Committee.
- It co-leads innovation challenges on smart grids, off grids and sustainable bio-fuels.
- The other innovation challenges are Carbon Capture, Converting sunlight, clean energy materials and Affordable heating and cooling of buildings.
- The MI Steering Committee, comprised of member government representatives, provides strategic guidance to foster implementation of the Enabling Framework.
- Core administrative functions are carried out by the MI Secretariat, a small, flexible team supporting the Steering Committee.
Clean energy ministerial meeting (CEM)
- The 3rd Mission Innovation Ministerial (MI-3) takes place in Malmö, Sweden, back to back with the 9th Clean Energy Ministerial in Copenhagen, Denmark.
- The cities of Malmö and Copenhagen are famously linked by the Öresund Bridge, chosen for the event as a powerful symbol of joining forces to accelerate the clean energy revolution.
- CEM is a high-level global forum to promote policies and programs that advance clean energy technology, to share lessons learned and best practices, and to encourage the transition to a global clean energy economy.
- The Framework for the Clean Energy Ministerial, adopted at the seventh Clean Energy Ministerial in 2016.
- The annual meeting of energy ministers and other high-level delegates from the 24 member countries and the European Union provid an opportunity to leverage high-level political will and private sector leadership to drive ambitious, real-world clean energy policies and actions.
- The CEM is focused on three global climate and energy policy goals:
- Improve energy efficiency worldwide
- Enhance clean energy supply
- Expand clean energy access
- India is a member of the CEM and hosted CEM4 in 2013.
- The active organizations in CEM from India are
- Bureau of Energy Efficiency
- Power System Operation Corporation Ltd.
- Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd.
INSV Tarini has completed a historic global Circumnavigation. This is the first-ever Indian circumnavigation of the globe by an all-women crew.
The expedition titled ‘Navika Sagar Parikrama’ is in consonance with the National policy to empower women to attain their full potential. It has showcased ‘Nari Shakti’ on the world platform and helped change societal attitudes and mindset towards women in India by raising visibility of their participation in challenging environs.
About the Journey:
- During her 254 day long voyage, the vessel has covered over 22,000 Nautical miles, visiting five countries – Australia, New Zealand, Falkland Islands (UK), South Africa and Mauritius.
- During the course of her voyage, the vessel has met all criteria of circumnavigation, viz. crossing the Equator twice, crossing all Longitudes, as also the three great capes (Cape Leeuwin, Cape Horn and Cape of Good Hope).
- The expedition was covered in six legs, with halts at 5 ports: Fremantle (Australia), Lyttleton (New Zealand), Port Stanley (Falklands), Cape Town (South Africa) and Port Louis (Mauritius).
INSV Tarini is a 56 foot sailing vessel built in India by M/s Aquarius Shipyard Pvt Ltd, Goa. It was inducted into the Indian Navy recently in February 2017. It has Raymarine navigation suite and an array of satellite communication systems for perfect navigation anywhere in the world. It showcases the ‘Make in India’ initiative on the International forum.
World Health Assembly
Plenary Meeting of the 71st World Health Assembly is being held at Geneva.
In addition to its three main themes of celebrating the 70th anniversary of the Organization, the 40th Anniversary of Alma-Ata and WHO’s top priority, universal health coverage, it will cover many topics on health throughout the life-course including sexual and reproductive health; early childhood development; maternal, infant and young child nutrition; poliomyelitis and the Global Vaccine Action Plan.
World Health Assembly (WHA):
- The World Health Assembly (WHA) is the forum through which the World Health Organization (WHO) is governed by its 194 member states. It is the world’s highest health policy setting body and is composed of health ministers from member states.
- The members of the World Health Assembly generally meet every year in May in Geneva, the location of WHO Headquarters.
- The main functions of the World Health Assembly are to determine the policies of the Organization, appoint the Director-General, supervise financial policies, and review and approve the proposed programme budget.
National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has asked DDA to expedite “Asita”, its Yamuna River Front Development Project.
Asita, also known as Yamuna River Front Development (RFD) project, aims to restore, revive and rejuvenate the river’s floodplains and make them accessible to the people of Delhi. “Asita” is another name of river Yamuna.
Key features of the project:
- A special focus of the project is on reviving the river’s bio-diversity in the National Capital.
- River Front “walks”, a major component of the project, will enable people to develop a relationship with river Yamuna.
- The project envisages creating a green buffer area approx. 300mts wide along the river edge with species of riverine ecology. Besides, a wide belt of 150mts along the peripheral roads will be developed as greenways for public amenities that will include a continuous trail of pathways and cycle tracks.
- To revive the ecosystem of the floodplains, wetlands will be created to store the flood waters and also to improve the groundwater recharge which will eventually result in flourishing of biodiversity in the floodplains.
- An environmentally conscious approach for integration of the river into the urban fabric of the city has been adopted. A people-friendly bio-diversity zone will be created for people to interact freely with the river’s eco-system.
The Yamuna was declared a dead river. The dissolved oxygen level, which are crucial to life in the water, is negligible. The river usually flows with heavy toxic foam on its surface and often parts of the river actually catch fire. Ostensibly, in the last 22 years, over Rs. 2,000 crore has been spent on the clean-up of the Yamuna.
The Yamuna is the tributary of river Ganga. It originates from the Yamunotri Glacier at a height of 6,387 metres on the south western slopes of Banderpooch peaks in the uppermost region of the Lower Himalayas in Uttarakhand. It merges with the Ganges at Triveni Sangam, Allahabad, the site for the Kumbha Mela.
Yamuna Action Plan:
Government of India has sanctioned Yamuna Action Plant (YAP)-I and YAP-II schemes for river Yamuna in Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh and YAP-III in Delhi under financial assistance from Japan International Coorperation Agency (JICA) for taking up works for sewerage/interception and diversion of drains, Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs), low cost sanitation/community toilet complexes, electric/ improved wood crematoria, etc.
First Commercial Flight Lands In Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh has been put on the aviation map of the country with the state’s first commercial flight landing at Pasighat in the north-east state’s East Siang district, 305 kilometres from state capital Itanagar.