Gobar-Dhan Scheme announced to improve lives of villagers
In the wake of new making the Garmin India Open defecation free and improving the life of villagers, the Government started a new program Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBAR-DHAN) . and this will also manage and convert cattle dung, kitchen waste, agricultural waste and other organic waste in farms to compost bio fuel i.e. bio-gas and bio-CNG.
The Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin will pilot this initiative.
Idea of this Gobar Dhan
India is home to highest Cattle population in the world i.e. 300 million, putting the dung production is to be about 3 million tons per day, this will help to exploit full economic potential of such organic waste in rural sector. The thrust hold of this Scheme is to promote cleanliness and effective solid and liquid waste management in rural India and generate wealth for rural sector, Sanitized, to improve Livestock health.
Internationally International Labor Organization studies has revealed that Use of cow dung generate 1.5 million jobs, there is a big potential for Indian farmers to generate source of income from the exchange of cow dung.
The biggest challenge for operating biogas plants, and even related higher value chain operations like bio-CNG plants, is the aggregation of cattle waste and maintaining a regular supply to plant operators.
Though, the plants which supply cooking gas at a lower cost than that of conventional LPG gas cylinder.A Cooperative Service Society in Punjab, does this by aggregating cattle dung and other organic waste to run the biogas plant and providing metered cooking gas to members.
Like, the Gram Vikas Trust started the GOBAR Bank initiative in Surat, Gujarat, where members bring cow dung to the community biogas plant.
The dung is measured and updated their passbooks, In return, they get very cheap and affordable cooking gas as well as bio-slurry, and for good health of soil, the residue collected from the biogas plant is used for vermicomposting and organic farming.
Biogas generation will increase self-reliance in energy Security and will reduce the fiscal burden of india. Generating wealth from waste will need the participation of all actors and sectors, Investments, Innovation and new entrepreneurs will be needed.
Gram Panchayats, Sabhas and village communities will play a significant role in leverage the animal and organic waste that goes into water bodies, dumping sites and landfills.
With Suitable policy intervenes the sector can be grow new opportunities, leading to increased incomes, long-term livelihoods, better health environment and, Swachh villages.
Jaitley said that this scheme is part of an effort to liberate the villages of the government and to improve the living standards of the villagers.