After Mirai and Reaper, cybersecurity agencies have detected a new malware called Saposhi malware, which is having the potential of taking over electronic devices and turning them into ‘bots’, which can be then used for any purpose, including a Distributed Denial Of Service attack which, with sufficient firepower, can immobilize entire industries.
A senior cyberpolice officer said that Saposhi was detected around 15 days ago, and is presently being watched and thoroughly studied. Saposhi is similar in its potency to Reaper, which was taking over millions of devices at the rate of 10,000 devices per day. Various cyber security agencies are currently keeping tabs on it to get a superior idea of what it is capable of.
In October last year, the CERT (Computer Emergency Response Team), a central government body that manage all cyber attacks, had issued an alert about reaper, a highly evolved malware capable of not only hacking gadgets/devices like WiFi routers and security cameras, but also able to conceal its own presence in the bot — a device taken over by a malware.
Till now CERT has not yet issued any alert regarding Saposhi, alerts and procedures as to protect devices from Saposhi are likely to be issued in the upcoming days soon.
Malwares like Saposhi majorly aimed at DDoS attacks, in which the malware first create a network of bots — called a botnet —and then at the same time uses the botnet to ping a single server. As the numbers of pings are far beyond the server’s capacity, the server crashes and denies service to its consumers. For example, if a large enough botnet attacks the server of a fleet cab provider, its server will crash and scores of consumers will be not capable to avail of its services.
Working of Malware:
A malware is released into cyberspace, with specific directions programmed into it. The instructions direct the malware to take over as many devices connected to the internet as possible.
Depending on its programming, the malware turns internet-connected devices into ‘bots’, and starts building a botnet. Malwares like Reaper and Saposhi are capable to identify weaknesses in devices and exploiting them to turn the devices into bots. Once a large and sufficient botnet is created, concurrently pings are sent to a single server, causing a server failure, which is called a Distributed Denial of Service attack. Depending on the size of the botnet, malwares can perform several DDOS attacks at the same time, or over a period of time.
Over the past two decades, the Internet has evolved from something of a originality to a tool most of us heavily rely on every single day. As the world moving towards digitization and we are more dependable on the internet so Security is no longer a one-machine affair. We need a security suite that helps protect all our devices. There is an large quantity of Trojan horses, bots, adware, ransom ware, macro viruses, rogueware, spyware, worms and phishing attacks that target Internet users every day. Thus, to solve the issue Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT), a central government body that deals with the cyber-attacks, had issued an alert about Saposhi and malware like Reaper and other.
Daily Current Affairs by IAS Coaching Academy